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General View

Border town right on the Heilongjiang River across from the Russian city Blagoveshchensk. Heihe City has a population of more than 100,000 (1 7 million in the Heihe Prefecture). The city's economy is based on selling stuff to Russians, which is helped by Heihe and Blagoveshchensk forming a free trade zone.. Aihui District (爱 辉 区; Aihuiqu). Beian City (北 安 市; Bei'anshi). Wudalianchi City (五 大 连 池 市; Wudalianchishi). Xunke County (逊 克 县; Xunkexian). Nenjiang County (嫩 江 县; Nenjiangxian). Sunwu County (孙 吴 县; Sunwuxian).

General Info

Heihe is a prefecture level city of northern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located on the Russian border, on the south bank of the Amur River, across the river from Blagoveshchensk.. Heihe has an urban population of about 211,313, while the total population of the prefecture level city is 1,673,893.. Heihe marks the northeast terminus of the HeiheTengchong Line, which is sometimes used to divide China into east and west..

What To See

Aihui History Exhibition Hall (爱 辉 历 史 陈 列 馆; Aihui Lishichenlieguan), ☎ + 86 452 8211007. ¥20.. James River National Forest Park..

What To Do

Swimming. Take a swim in the Heilongjiang River.. Boating. Take a boat trip on the Heilongjiang River..

How To Get In

Trains from Harbin take 10-13 hours and cost ¥43 234. Other trains include from Qiqihar (11h30; ¥38 133)..

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What To Do

Swimming. Take a swim in the Heilongjiang River.. Boating. Take a boat trip on the Heilongjiang River..

How To Get In

Trains from Harbin take 10-13 hours and cost ¥43 234. Other trains include from Qiqihar (11h30; ¥38 133)..

What To Buy

There are many shops here specialising in Russian products, so if you are into Russian dolls and kitch Russian artifacts, this is the place.. Russian International Trade Centre. One of the best places to find Russian goods.. Great Island International Trade Centre (On an island joined by bridge to Heihe). Hangar consisting of two floors selling food, clothes, household items, jewellery, and all kind of kitch Russian and Chinese stuff..

Where To Sleep

Aihui Hotel, 11 Wenhua Street, Aihui District.. Haitian Hotel, 131 Zhongyang East Main Street, Aihui District.. Heihe International Hotel, 48 Wangsu Street (At the river bank). Considered the best hotel in town. Spacious rooms with fridge, some with views across the river to Russia. Fitness available.. Chinese restaurant, bar and cafe.. Huayuan Business Hotel (黑 河 华 源 商 务 酒 店; Heihe Huayuan Shangwujiudian), 368 Zhongyang Street, Aihui District (爱 辉 区 中 央 街 368 号; Aihuiqu Zhongyangjie), ☎ + 86 456 8276700, fax; + 86 456 8276797..

Check out; 2PM. Rooms with free internet. Meeting facilities and ticket office available. Chinese restaurant and room service. Listed rates for doubles from ¥388, discounted from ¥140; breakfast ¥8.. Yida Hotel, 51 Zhongyang East Main Street, Aihui District..

Where To Go Next

Take a boat trip to the Russian city Blagoveshchensk (Chinese citizens do not need visa, but check first if you do). In the winter, the river is frozen and can be crossed by bus..

History

Heihe, formerly Aihui or Aigun, is among one of the five oldest cities in Heilongjiang, along with Tsitsihar, Yilan, Acheng and Hulan. Human being started to settle in Heihe region as early as the Paleolithic Age, around the end of the 1st or the beginning of the 2nd millennium AD.. Later it became home to local tribes. During the Qing Dynasty, Heihe was the first place troops sent to Heilongjiang were stationed. The predecessor of today's Heihe was the town established by the indigenous Ducher people of the Amur Valley in the mid 1650s..

It was established some 30 km south of the modern city site and was known as Aigun, Heilongjiang, or Saghalien Ula... After the Ducher were evacuated by the Qing to the Sungari or Hurka in the 1650s, the Ducher town was probably vacated. However, in 1683-85 the Manchus re used the site as a base for their campaign against the Russian fort of Albazin.. Aigun was the capital of Heilongjiang from 1683 to 1690, before the capital was moved to Nenjiang. After the capture of Albazin in 1685 or 1686, the Qing governor relocated the town to a new site on the right bank of the Amur, about 3 miles downstream from the original..

The new site occupied the location of the former village of the Daurian chief named Tolga. The city became known primarily under its Manchu name Saghalien Ula hoton and Chinese name Heilongjiang Cheng, which both mean " Black River City ".. Later the governor office was transferred to Qiqihar. However, Aigun remained the seat of the Deputy Lieutenant General, responsible for a large district covering much of the Amur Valley within the province of Heilongjiang as it existed in those days.. Aigun was visited around 1709 as a part of a nationwide Sino French cartographic program by the Jesuits Jean Baptiste Rgis, Pierre Jartoux, and Xavier Ehrenbert Fridelli, who found it a stronghold, serving as the base of Manchus controlling the Amur River basin..

The Aigun Treaty was concluded at Aigun in 1858. According to this treaty, the left bank of the Amur River was conceded to Czarist Russia.. After Xinhai Revolution, Aigun became the county seat of the newly created Aigun County by the Republic of China. On November 15, 1980, Heihe City was established, administering two county level cities and three counties including Beian, Wudalianchi, Nenjiang, Sunwu and Sunke.. Aihui County was abolished, being merged into the Heihe City..

Sport

The university of Heihe has requested the Russian bandy club SKA Neftyanik to send a coach, offering a one year contract..

Geography

Heihe is located at the right bank of the Amur, opposite to the city of Blagoveshchensk in Russia's Amur Oblast. Its jurisdictional area stretches for 54,390 km2, which spans from 124 45 ' to 129 18 ' E longitude and 47 42 ' to 51 03 ' N latitude.. Domestically, Heihe City borders Da Hinggan Ling Prefecture to the north, Yichun to the southeast, Suihua to the south, Qiqihar to the southwest, and Hulunbuir to the west. The Amur has formed the Sino Russian border since the 1858 Aigun Treaty and 1860 Treaty of Peking..

The area north of the Amur had previously belonged to Imperial China.. Heihe experiences a monsoon influenced humid continental climate, but Dwa in the south of the prefecture, with long, bitterly cold, windy, but dry winters due to the influence of the Siberian high, and warm, wet summers, due to the East Asian monsoon.. Based on data from 19712000, the monthly daily mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is 23.2 C, and July, the warmest month, averages 20.8 C, with an average annual temperature 0.38 C Close to two thirds of the annual precipitation falls in the months of June to August..

Extreme temperatures have ranged from 44.5 C to 37.2 C.

Tourism

Heihe has plenty of natural tourism resources, including the Amur River and Wudalianchi Lake and Wudalianchi Volcanic Range, where people can take a trip to local volcanoes. The Old City of Aigun is a famous historical scenic spot, in which the Treaty of Aigun between China and Russia was signed in the 19th century..

Transportation

The transportation to and from Heihe is as follows.

Energy

West of Heihe, there is an HVDC back to back station for realizing an interconnection between the power grids of Russia and China with 750 MW transmission capacity..